internet Technology

How to Create Twitter Bot using OAuth

Twitter has announced to shut down the Basic Authentication API on August 31st and recommend Twitter application developers to migrate their apps to OAuth Authentication. What about bots? That’s the same. If you have bot created using Basic Authentication, then you should migrate your bot to OAuth. Here’s how, but first..

What is OAuth?

OAuth is a new authentication method that doesn’t use plain username & password to authenticate. OAuth uses a pair of tokens to check your credentials, therefore you don’t need to worry about leaking your password. These tokens are unique per user and per application. For further info about OAuth, check

So how?

First thing you need to do after creating bot account is creating an application. Go to with your bot account and fill the form.

Name: the application name will be shown after “via” in your tweets
Application Type: You must choose ‘Browser’
Default Access Type: Choose ‘Read and Write’
– Everything else you can fill any value

After created, go to you application detail. There you can see ‘Consumer Key’ and ‘Consumer Secret’ value. Save these keys.

Then click ‘My Access Token’ button in the right. You will see your ‘Access Token’ and ‘Access Token Secret’. You should save these keys too.

And now let’s go to the code!

You’ll need some libraries to utilize OAuth functions, so download Abraham’s TwitterOAuth library first. Copy the OAuth.php & twitteroauth.php files from downloaded library to your server, and create a new PHP file in the same directory.

And here’s the code:
this is the code I use for my bot @juru_doa ๐Ÿ˜‰


define('CONSUMER_KEY', 'insert_your_consumer_key_here');
define('CONSUMER_SECRET', 'insert_your_consumer_secret_here');
define('ACCESS_TOKEN', 'insert_your_access_token_here');
define('ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET', 'insert_your_access_token_secret_here');

$twitter->host = "";
$search = $twitter->get('search', array('q' => 'semoga', 'rpp' => 20));

$twitter->host = "";
foreach($search->results as $tweet) {
	$status = 'Amiiiin RT @'.$tweet->from_user.' '.$tweet->text;
	if(strlen($status) > 140) $status = substr($status, 0, 139);
	$twitter->post('statuses/update', array('status' => $status));

What above code does?
After authenticating the OAuth tokens, it will do a search for ‘semoga’ keyword and grab the 20 most recent tweets. You can set another keyword for your bot. Then it will ReTweet each tweets and and ‘Amiiin’ before it.

To try whether you bot works or not, you can access your script from a browser. If the displays blank page, then your script might be work. Go check the timeline to make sure.

The last step is creating a cron job to run your script in certain times. How? That part is what you should do yourself ๐Ÿ˜†

Tips: Don’t run your bot too often, like in every minutes, and don’t tweet too much, since there are limitation from Twitter.

Discuss about Twitter Bot here

190 replies on “How to Create Twitter Bot using OAuth”

Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you really realize what you are
talking approximately! Bookmarked. Please also discuss with my
website =). We can have a hyperlink change agreement between us


I want to to thank you for this good read!! I certainly enjoyed
every bit of it. I have got you saved as a favorite to
look at new things you postโ€ฆ


Hello there good weblog! Man. Fantastic. Astounding. I’ll take note of your blog and consider the rss feeds as well? I am just grateful to seek out lots of very helpful details in this create, we require figure out more methods within this consideration, thank you for giving.


Admiring the time and energy you put into your
site and detailed information you offer. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same out of date rehashed material.
Fantastic read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding
your RSS feeds to my Google account.


Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
Extremely useful info specially the remaining section ๐Ÿ™‚
I take care of such info much. I used to be looking for this certain info for a long time.
Thank you and good luck.


First off I want to say fantastic blog! I had a quick question which
I’d like to ask if you do not mind. I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your
thoughts prior to writing. I’ve had a hard time clearing my thoughts in getting my thoughts out.
I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be wasted simply just
trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or tips?


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s